What Is Engineered Wood Flooring Made Of?

One of the most frequent questions we are asked at Wood and Beyond is”what’s engineered wood floors manufactured from?” . Actually, engineered hardwood floors is arguably among the most misunderstood floor products on the market today and we think this is a true shame. With some really significant benefits over solid hardwood, it is a flooring solution that’s well worthy of consideration, yet is frequently confused with the likes of laminate flooring, which for us is heartbreaking! Within this article we want to assist you get up close and personal with engineered wood flooring so you can start to love it in the same way as we can!

The fundamental structure of engineered wood flooring

These layers of ply are cross layered, then glued and pressed together to make a very strong bond. It is this bonded core plank that makes engineered wood flooring so very different from solid wood floors.

When the core board has been cut into floor planks, the groove and tongue are made. For instance, a 3 ply board is going to have single core board, a base layer and a true wood top layer or lamella. The problem with many 3-ply engineered wood floor solutions is the core plank, in which the tongue and groove fit together can become fragile, so generally speaking, if your budget permits, you need to pick a multi-layer board.

How is it made?

As already mentioned, the core plank of engineered timber floors is made by bonding layers and layers of design together. Subsequently, the top layer is inserted and it’s that layer that actually makes the end result look so great. There are two distinct ways to obtain the upper layer of solid wood for engineered timber flooring. The first is called slicing or sawing and the second is known as rotary cutting.

A rotary cut veneer was created by efficiently cutting a thin coating from all the way across the tree back to create a veneer’sheet’. After the veneers have been cut from the tree, they are then secured on to the top of the core board to present its finish and exceptionally good looks. Not surprisingly, a sliced or sawn veneer could be cut thicker compared to a rotary cut veneer. Although a sliced or sawn veneer gives a more natural look to the timber, if it is a dramatic grain effect you’re searching for, then you may be best to choose a rotary cut.

What makes it so special?

The thing which makes engineered timber floors so unique is the strength of its center board. As you can imagine, anything that’s made up of a blend of different layers of ply that are secured together with a strong adhesive will be more powerful than just one piece of timber of the same thickness. This is important because it affects the equilibrium of this ground.

Imagine a situation where temperature and moisture levels are fluctuating, a scenario that is particularly common from the likes of bathrooms and kitchens. In these circumstances, solid wood expands and contracts significantly but engineered wood flooring is a lot less affected.

Why is this significant? In effect, excessive contraction and expansion can play havoc with flooring, producing unsightly and draughty gaps as well as significantly raising the possibility of cupping and, or bowing. As a result of the way engineered timber flooring is created, the core board stays stable, in all but really extreme conditions.

What do the different thicknesses mean?

In the same way as solid wood flooring, engineered wood flooring is made in different thicknesses. Nevertheless, there are essentially two elements to the depth of an engineered timber flooring board; the overall board thickness and the upper layer or lamella thickness.

Thus, when you find a figure like 18/5 or 14/3, then this usually means that the planks are 18mm and 14mm thick respectively with corresponding top layers of 5mm and 3mm. When you’re picking the thickness of your board, then you need to be careful to pick the best option for your job. Broadly speaking, a plank of over 14mm thick is not recommended over under floor heating and a board of less than 18mm thick isn’t suitable for structural jobs. All of that said, when it comes to exact technical details, you’re better to call on the advice of an expert each time.

What about species, grades and finishes?

Regardless of what species, finish or grade you need, you need to be able to track it down in engineered timber flooring, exactly the identical way that you can in sound. This signifies is that engineered timber floors is far from any type of compromise — it actually is win:win!

If you want to ask more questions regarding engineered hardwood flooring, we are here for you. All you have to do is contact and a few of our passionate team can help!


270b2c6acdf9f287bbfac0c46065c398If you are renovating your house or looking to do up a house for resale, then you may choose to take advantage of the present features that are already within the home.

Features such as original fireplaces and hearths, Belfast countertops and wooden floorboards can all help to improve the cost of a home if they’re remodeled nicely and completed to the highest standard.

The initial floorboards in your home can be quite difficult to treat yourself. It’s always advisable to telephone in the pros when it comes to your hardwood flooring. They’ll know exactly how to take care of your floorboards so as to bring them back to life.

The expert will tell you how you can proceed with coping with your hardwood floors. They are going to have many different products such as stains and varnishes that you’re able to pick from so you have the perfect end on your original floorboards. Additionally they will be sanded and handled so the floorboards are maintained.

Once they’ve finished with them, the floorboards will seem amazing and anyone visiting your home will be stunned at how beautiful they seem.

How to choose the corect oil for your floor

Sawn-If you enjoy nature in its rawest, roughest form then the sawn finish celebrates these elements. Kerfs from the saw marks are left on the boards to see and feel, as though the wood has been freshly cut in front of you. The surface captures a wonderfully rough texture and rustic appeal.

Handscraped-This finish sees each plank painstakingly scraped by hand, bringing a whole new dimension to your natural floor. The irregular ridges and grooves that result add depth and definition to the wood’s surface, creating an aged look that’s distinctive by eye yet smooth to the touch.

Distressed Bevels-Each plank is hand distressed on its edges to produce small grooves and undulations that are reminiscent of a naturally aged floor. The subtle yet interesting effect captures the charming timeworn appeal of a floor that’s been loved by thousands of feet.

Bevelled Edge-A bevelled edge on the boards creates a defined pattern across your floor when it’s fitted. The finish gives a traditional and ordered feel to a space and the depth of the slight groove between planks will depend on the type and grade of wood you choose.

Planed-Planed boards are finely sanded using up to six careful processes in order to create a delightfully smooth finish across the boards. Small and subtle ribbing marks are still visible from the planer for an authentic yet contemporary look.

Square Edge-Fitting seamlessly together, square edged planks result in smooth, clean overall finish to your floor, and can help a room to feel bigger than it is. This finish suits modern décor very well, while the wood’s clean finish takes you away to a relaxing natural setting.4c9ea7d026d7e90dbb4e11b8f919a687



1. Quebracho – From the Spanish “quebrar hacha,” which literally means
“axe breaker.” Aptly named, wood in the Schinopsis genus is among the
heaviest and hardest in the world.
2. Lignum Vitae -Widely accepted as the hardest wood in the world–this
wood has been listed as an endangered species and is listed in CITES.
Consider Verawood as a very close substitute.
3. Gidgee – This Australian endemic is both very heavy and very strong.
Some pieces are dark enough to be used as an ebony substitute: one that’s
even harder than the original article.
4. Snakewood – It’s easy to see what makes Snakewood so unique–its patterns
and markings resemble the skin of a snake. Limited supply and high demand
make this one of the most expensive woods on eart.
5. Verawood – Sometimes called Argentine Lignum Vitae, this wood is a gem:
inexpensive, great olive-green color, beautiful feathery grain pattern, and
it takes a great natural polish on the lathe.
6. Camelthorn – Formerly classified as a member of the Acacia genus, this
south African hardwood is a tough customer. The wood is stubbornly hard,
and the tree is protected by giant sharp thorns.
7. African Blackwood – In some parts of the world, this wood has achieved
an almost legendary status. Historical evidence points to this wood
(rather than Diospyros spp.) being the original “ebony.”
8. Black Ironwood – Pieces are very seldom seen for sale, as this tree is
too small to produce commercially viable lumber. Like the unrelated
Desert Ironwood, Black Ironwood is an excellent choice for small
turning projects.
9. Katalox / Wamara – Some pieces can be just about a dark as true ebony,
while others are a more reddish brown with black streaks. So much depth
in the Swartzia genus, there’s something for everyone!
10. Cebil- Also known as Curupay or by the exaggerated name Patagonian
Rosewood, Cebil is not a true rosewood. It has a highly variable streaked
appearance not too unlike Goncalo Alves.

Test your wood floors

Test your flooring !

Wooden floors are the most solid and classic material in each home this days. The elegance that they are showing us (if the floor is well treat ), and keeping the fact that it last for many decades is making wood flooring an attractive for informed house owners!
If you have a hardwood flooring, you can refinish it and bring back the in it sparkle again!
Wood as a material base is a porous and vulnerable. Many people today usually choose to help their floors last longer as protecting them against moisture with sanding. A simple test to find out your floor condition is to place a drop of water on it- if the drop isn’t absorbed, or takes a few minutes to soak in,this mean that your wooden floor may be in good shape, but in case the drop soaks in immediately- this mean that it is time for renovation !

Oak – the most widely used hardwood


Oak is the most widely used hardwood. There are more than 60 species of oak , which can be separated into two basic varieties; white and red. The red variety is also known as black oak (a reference to its bark). Oak is a heavy, strong, light colored hardwood. It is ring porous, due to the fact that more and larger conductive vessels are laid down early in the summer, rather than later. Prominent rings and large pores give oak a course texture and prominent grain. Oak also has conspicuous medullary rays which can be seen as “flakes” in quarter sawed oak lumber.Oak is the most popular wood used to craft American and English country designs. It is also used for Gothic and William & Mary reproductions, as well as many transitional and contemporary pieces.



PINE: Pine is a softwood which grows in most areas of the Northern Hemisphere. There are more than 100 species worldwide.

Properties: Pine is a soft, white or pale yellow wood which is light weight, straight grained and lacks figure.It resists shrinking and swelling. Knotty pine is often used for decorative effect.
Uses: Pine is often used for country or provincial furniture. Pickled, whitened, painted and oil finishes are often used on this wood.


ASH: There are 16 species of ash which grow in the eastern United States. Of these, the white ash is the largest and most commercially important.

Properties: Ash is a hard, heavy, ring porous hardwood. It has a prominent grain that resembles oak, and a white to light brown colour. Ash can be differentiated from hickory (pecan) which it also resembles, by white dots in the darker summer wood which can be seen with the naked eye. Ash burls have a twisted, interwoven figure.
Uses: Ash is widely used for structural frames and steam bent furniture pieces. It is often less expensive than comparable hardwoods.

HICKORY: There are 15 species of hickory in the eastern United States, eight of which are commercially important.

Properties: Hickory is one of the heaviest and hardest woods available. Pecan is a species of hickory sometimes used in furniture. It has a close grain without much figure.
Uses: Wood from the hickory is used for structural parts, especially where strength and thinness are required. Decorative hickory veneers are also commonly used.

Function and beauty of wood

The advantages of  sanding procedure also extend to couple of practical aspects. This specific technique of maintenance enables you to varnish or stain the newly formed top surface of the flooring.  The procedure also makes the floor even smoother and brighter. Functions and vision skills on wood are improving like for example aqustic, light, dust collecting and many more! Therefore, you can always contact us, because we work even weekends and ask our experts all you need to know about this process. We know exactly what kind of treatment your floor need in order to shine again!